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People's Republic of Facebook

June 18 · Issue #29 · View online
iAfrikan Daily Brief
It has been a long time coming, it has even been alluded to in some sci-fi series such as Incorporated where in the near future a corporation runs a country and is also a state in its own right. With Facebook earlier today officially unveiling plans to launch Libra, its own (along with other corporate partners) digital currency, in 2020, it is almost safe to say that Mark Zuckerberg’s (despite being a public company, Facebook’s share structure and voting rights afford Zuckerberg a lot of control and power) social network is almost a country in its own right.

With 2 billion monthly active users as reported at the end of 2018, even if you had to account for duplicate and fake accounts, it would still measure up as one of the largest populations any country has on the planet. If you add WhatsApp, considering that the messaging app’s users will also be able to transact using Libra, with its reported 1,5 billion active users (although some are already Facebook users), you are looking at a size of a country like one we have never witnessed before.

Mark Zuckerberg taking a selfie with Nigeria's President, Muhamadu Buhari, and Vice President, Yemi Osinbajo.
Although it is unlikely to be recognized as a country by the United Nations, it didn’t take long after the official announcement of Libra that three countries, France, England, and Germany, started feeling threatened. Specifically, France’s Finance Minister has stated unequivocally that the Libra cannot be a replacement for sovereign currencies.

Before we go further, I need to state that in my view, Libra will highly probably be a success and gain quick traction given not only the number of users across Facebook and WhatsApp but also partner companies such Visa, Mastercard, Uber, Spotify, Lyft, and more who will each form part of the Libra Association and investing $10 million each in the project which is set to launch in 2020. More importantly, I can see Libra (as is hinted in the marketing documentation so far) gaining traction in developing markets such as Africa given how it promises not only to make it easier to receive, send and spend money but also achieve something many financial inclusion projects have been struggling with, lower transaction fees.

As far as why I now think this completes the idea of Facebook becoming a country, it’s simply because of the leverage it will hold over some countries especially across the continent who not only do not have near as accurate data about their citizens like Facebook has, but are struggling to maintain the value and usefulness of their own sovereign currencies (e.g. Zimbabwe). At the heart of it (Libra) people just want a quicker and cheaper way to transact and send money, and already in Africa, many are used to using mobile money for their daily living. With a network of partners like Uber and likely more to be added (Facebook makes mention of a Libra marketplace) it is really hard to see Libra failing, despite even some of us being skeptical as far as Facebook’s privacy promises are concerned.

Apart from having such a huge population and now a currency, Facebook also does not fall under any single country’s jurisdiction. For example, its US-based users are governed by a corporation registered in the USA, its users in the rest of the world are governed by a corporation registered in Ireland, while in China it works under different laws. This not only applies to laws but where it pays taxes too. So, as such, you cannot exactly call it a US company as it is not bound any single country’s laws and to make matters worse (or good if you’re Facebook) it is a virtual entity.

It really, in my view, has officially become the People’s Republic of Facebook (and like its namesake, its not a democracy 😊)

Is this good or bad?
I don’t know. All that matters is that we should probably expect more of this (hint: Amazon and Alibaba).

💳 Kenya’s government has said that it will start issuing unique Huduma Nambas to citizens in a month. Thereafter electronic cards containing a citizen’s data will will be issued, these will contain all data held by different government organizations in Kenya. Link

📱 A report states that South Africa’s smartphone shipments grew by 7% in 2018 as compared to 2017. Although Samsung is still the leading smartphone brand despite dropping shipments by 1%, Mobicel comes in at a surprising second place at 16%. Link
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