This is because, if you look closely, it ultimately is all about making the offline (physical) world readable by software, what some call digitization (I’ve read and heard some use what I find to be a hideous word - digitilization). In farming this would be things such as digitally mapping out the farm so that you can plan the routes of self-driving tractors, among other things.
I digress a bit, back to the topic of technology and it taking our jobs. Strictly speaking, technology can be defined as a better and more efficient way of doing things. As such, any country or organization that deploys technology to its functions will always be at an advantage and given that it is about improving how we do things, guaranteed jobs will be lost as we have seen in history. Think about back in the day, there used to be telephone switchboards and exchanges manned by human beings who would literally route telephone calls. As soon as the telephone system was turned into a cable network whose routing was automated, those jobs vanished, calls happened faster and more efficiently.
This brings me to this video about autonomous tractors
that I showed a friend. Not only do they look so cool that for a split second I considered farming, they improve efficiency, reduce costs and make farms more productive…at the expense of jobs. Like my friend, you could probably be thinking that the jobs bloodbath (especially in Africa) would be too much and we need to regulate against mass adoption of such farming technology. Well, the problem is it reduces our competitiveness as individual countries, because we will be up against countries who have highly efficient and less error prone autonomous tractors (I’m using one example for the purposes of brevity) that work on a farm 24 hours a day compared to our farms that would be heavily dependant on human labour that can only work for several hours a day and prone to errors.
The other issue is such technology is not far away.